The troglodytic caves nestle in the heart of the sun-drenched tufa cliffs. Occupied since prehistoric times, they have belonged successively to Benedictine monks, to the local lord who fortified them, and then to the commune.
On 5 levels, you'll discover mullioned windows, loopholes, a passage behind the waterfall, two small basins, generous concretions and stalactites that have become columns. You'll enjoy a remarkable view over the park.
They once belonged to the Benedictines, who took refuge here during the Saracen invasions. Vigilant, they may have lived here, defended themselves and escaped from time to time, no doubt through the enormous opening of a monumental chimney that opened onto the top of the grotto.
It was around this time, in the 9th century, that the caves, of natural origin, were used to protect against invaders, and were transformed into underground fortresses with loopholes and bars to protect the exits.
From the 12th century onwards, Villecroze prospered, vigilance waned, and the caves seem to have been abandoned, deprived of any human presence and subject to the wear and tear of time.
Listed as a Natural Site and Monument since 1924, they combine history and geology.
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